What is Criminal Justice?

Criminal justice is the system of law enforcement, the bar, the judiciary, corrections, and probation that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, defense, sentencing,  incarceration, and supervision of those suspected of or charged with criminal offenses.

It is a term used for the series of steps involved in proving any criminal activity like gathering evidences, arresting the accused, conducting trials, making defense, pronouncing judgment after the crime is proved, carrying out punishment.

Forensic science information for high school graduates. 

Quick Facts

  • TV shows such as CSI make forensic science look fast paced and exciting. In real life however, it is more likely to be methodical, utilizing detailed scientific/technical skills and increasingly sophisticated tools.
  • Most universities donít have a bachelorís degree in forensic science because the job outlook can be limited for someone without graduate training. You may be benefit from choosing a more marketable major and getting a forensic science minor.
  • Your major should reflect the forensic discipline you want to work in. For example, drug analysts should have a degree heavy in chemistry while DNA analysts should have an emphasis on molecular biology
  • If you have a criminal record, you have virtually no chance of getting a job as a forensic scientist. 
  • Forensic Science is a very small occupation. In the United States, there are about 4,000 crime laboratories, administered by the federal, state, or local governments or private industry. Most crime laboratories employ scientists in the areas of forensic chemistry (drugs, toxicology, trace evidence, explosives, fires, etc.) forensic biology (mainly DNA and body fluids and tissues), and criminalistics (fingerprints, questioned documents, firearms, and toolmarks).
  • Most Forensic Scientists work in larger cities or organizations and some can have irregular hours.
  • The American Academy of Forensic Science, and the American College of Forensic Examiners are two largest forensic science organizations in the world, composed of over 10,000 scientists organized into several sections: Criminalistics, Engineering Sciences, General, Jurisprudence, Odontology, Pathology/Biology, Physical Anthropology, Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, Questioned Documents, and Toxicology, etc.

Professional Associations

American Academy of Forensic Sciences,
Association of Analytical Communities International,
American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 
American Board of Criminalistics,
American Board of Forensic Anthropology,
American Board of Forensic Document Examiners,
American Board of Forensic Entomology,
American Board of Forensic Odontology,
American Board of Forensic Psychology,
American Board of Forensic Toxicology,
American College of Forensic Examiners,
American Society of Crime Lab Directors, 
American Society of Forensic Odontology,
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners,
Association for Crime Scene Reconstruction,
Association of Firearms and Toolmark Examiners,
Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators,
California Association of Criminalistics,
Evidence Photographers International Council,
Forensic Toxicologist Certification Board,
International Association for Identification,
International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts,
International Association of Forensic Nurses,
International Association of Forensic Toxicologists,
International Homicide Investigators Association,
Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Scientists,
Midwestern Association of Forensic Scientists,
National Association of Document Examiners,
National Association of Medical Examiners,
New Jersey Association of Forensic Scientists,
Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists,
Northwest Association of Forensic Scientists,

Society of Forensic Toxicologists,

Southeastern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Southeastern Association of Toxicologists,
Southern Association of Forensic Scientists,
Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Southwestern Association of Forensic Scientists,
Young Forensic Scientists Forum,